taxes, of course, continued longer by a new law.
_Q._ Are not all the people very able to pay those taxes?
_A._ No. The frontier counties, all along the continent, having been
frequently ravaged by the enemy and greatly impoverished, are able
to pay very little tax. And therefore, in consideration of their
distresses, our late tax laws do expressly favour those counties,
excusing the sufferers; and I suppose the same is done in other
_Q._ Are not you concerned in the management of the _post-office_ in
_A._ Yes. I am deputy post-master general of North America.
_Q._ Don't you think the distribution of stamps _by post_ to all the
inhabitants very practicable, if there was no opposition?
_A._ The posts only go along the sea-coasts; they do not, except in a
few instances, go back into the country; and if they did, sending for
stamps by post would occasion an expence of postage, amounting, in
many cases, to much more than that of the stamps themselves.
_Q._ Are you acquainted with Newfoundland?
_A._ I never was there.
_Q._ Do you know whether there are any post-roads on that island?
_A._ I have heard that there are no roads at all, but that the
communication between one settlement and another is by sea only.
_Q._ Can you disperse the stamps by post in Canada?
_A._ There is only a post between Montreal and Quebec. The
inhabitants live so scattered and remote from each other in that vast
country, that posts cannot be supported among them, and therefore
they cannot get stamps per post. The _English colonies_ too along the
frontiers are very thinly settled.
_Q._ From the thinness of the back settlements, would not the stamp
act be extremely inconvenient to the inhabitants, if executed?
_A._ To be sure it would; as many of the inhabitants could not get
stamps when they had occasion for them, without taking long journeys,
and spending perhaps three or four pounds, that the crown might get
_Q._ Are not the colonies, from their circumstances, very able to pay
the stamp duty?
_A._ In my opinion there is not gold and silver enough in the
colonies to pay the stamp duty for one year.
_Q._ Don't you know that the money arising from the stamps was all to
be laid out in America?
_A._ I know it is appropriated by the act to the American service;
but it will be spent in the conquered colonies, where the soldiers
are; not in the colonies that pay it.
_Q._ Is there not a balance of trade due from the colonies where the
troops are posted, that will bring
_Chicago_ _Boston_ .Page 13
363 To William Franklin (October 6, 1773), 371 Preface to "An Abridgment of the Book of Common Prayer" (1773), 374 A Parable against Persecution, 379 A Parable on Brotherly Love, 380 To William Strahan (July 5, 1775), 381 To Joseph Priestley (July 7, 1775), 382 To a Friend in England (October 3, 1775), 383 To Lord Howe (July 30, 1776), 384 The Sale of the Hessians (1777), 387 Model of a Letter of Recommendation (April 2, 1777), 389 To ---- (October 4, 1777), .Page 46
[i-174] But the _Pennsylvania Gazette_ never became in any degree a political organ while Franklin edited it; and his first political pronouncement was published not in his paper.Page 98
William Smith_ (Philadelphia, 1879), I, 59 f.Page 105
I was backward, seem'd desirous of being excused, had not had sufficient Time to correct, etc.Page 441
14 m.Page 447
]| [Cap.Page 462
| 5 33 | 6 27 | | 3 | 2 | .Page 492
In June last I sent Benny a trunk of books, and wrote to him; I hope they are come to hand, and that he meets with encouragement in his business.Page 601
Thus, if it costs A in England as much labour and charge to raise a bushel of wheat, as it costs B in France to produce four gallons of wine, then are four gallons of wine the fair exchange for a bushel of wheat, A and B meeting at half distance with their commodities to make the exchange.Page 643
The King's changing his _pointed_ conductors for _blunt_ ones is, therefore, a matter of small importance to me.Page 694
DEAR SIR, I received your kind Letter of the 7th of April, also one of the 3d of May.Page 708
DEAR SIR, I received your very kind letter by Dr.Page 736
It is rather expensive, and therefore not sought for.Page 776
" (A.Page 780
He was married to Miss Stevenson in 1770.Page 788
Minor spacing corrections have been made as follows: p.