lately laid on their
trade, by which the bringing of foreign gold and silver into [the]
colonies was prevented; the prohibition of making paper-money among
themselves, and then demanding a new and heavy tax by stamps,
taking away, at the same time, trials by juries, and refusing to
receive and hear their humble petitions.
_Q._ Don't you think they would submit to the stamp act, if it was
modified, the obnoxious parts taken out, and the duty reduced to some
particulars, of small moment?
_A._ No, they will never submit to it.
_Q._ What do you think is the reason that the people in America
increase faster than in England?
_A._ Because they marry younger, and more generally.
_Q._ Why so?
_A._ Because any young couple, that are industrious, may easily
obtain land of their own, on which they can raise a family.
_Q._ Are not the lower rank of people more at their ease in America
than in England?
_A._ They may be so, if they are sober and diligent; as they are
better paid for their labour.
_Q._ What is your opinion of a future tax, imposed on the same
principle with that of the stamp act? how would the Americans receive
_A._ Just as they do this. They would not pay it.
_Q._ Have not you heard of the resolutions of this house, and of
the house of lords, asserting the right of parliament relating to
America, including a power to tax the people there?
_A._ Yes, I have heard of such resolutions.
_Q._ What will be the opinion of the Americans on those resolutions?
_A._ They will think them unconstitutional and unjust.
_Q._ Was it an opinion in America before 1763, that the parliament
had no right to lay taxes and duties there?
_A._ I never heard any objection to the right of laying duties to
regulate commerce, but a right to lay internal taxes was never
supposed to be in parliament, as we are not represented there.
_Q._ On what do you found your opinion, that the people in America
made any such distinction?
_A._ I know that whenever the subject has occurred in conversation
where I have been present, it has appeared to be the opinion of every
one, that we could not be taxed in a parliament where we were not
represented. But the payment of duties laid by act of parliament as
regulations of commerce, was never disputed.
_Q._ But can you name any act of assembly, or public act of any of
your governments, that made such distinction?
_A._ I do not know that there was any; I think there was never an
He designed with a degree of neatness, and knew a little of music.Page 28
Farther reflection confirmed me in the design of leaving Boston, where I had already rendered myself an object of suspicion to the governing party.Page 31
Here I imagined myself to be fixed till the Tuesday in the ensuing week; but walking out in the evening by the river side, I saw a boat with a number of persons in it approach.Page 63
Accordingly they were constantly with us, each in his turn; and he that came, commonly brought with him a friend or two to bear him company.Page 77
He not only made considerable presents himself, and obtained others from his friends, but voluntarily undertook to manage the business of the Company in London, recommending books, purchasing and shipping them.Page 79
The proprietaries contended for the right of exempting their land from taxes; to which the assembly would by no means consent.Page 85
Besides these great principles, Franklin's letters on electricity contain a number of facts and hints, which have contributed greatly towards reducing this branch of knowledge to a science.Page 89
the establishment of a perfect institution, upon the plan of the European colleges and universities; for which his academy was intended as a nursery or foundation.Page 93
"My son presents his affectionate regards, with, dear Sir, "Your's, &c.Page 146
Hence thunder-gusts after heats, and cool air after gusts; the water and the clouds that bring it, coming from a higher and therefore a cooler region.Page 166
But I suppose farther, that in the cooling of the glass, its texture becomes closest in the middle, and forms a kind of partition, in which the pores are so narrow, that the particles of the electrical fluid, which enter both surfaces at the same time, cannot go through, or pass and repass from one surface to the other, and so mix together; yet, though the particles of electric fluid, imbibed by each surface, cannot themselves pass through to those of the other, their repellency can, and by this means they act on one another.Page 186
Bring the excited glass tube under the balls, and they will be separated by it, when held at the distance of three or four feet; let it be brought nearer, and they will stand farther apart; entirely withdraw it, and they will immediately come together.Page 246
rays, by collision, by friction, by hammering, by putrefaction, by fermentation, by mixtures of fluids, by mixtures of solids with fluids, and by electricity.Page 250
The brass wire below the hole in the wall remained good.Page 279
Hold then the glass above the little box, at about the distance of three or four inches from that part, which is most distant from the balls; and you will see the balls separate from each other; being positively electrified by the natural portion of electricity, which was in the box, and which is driven to the further part of it by the repulsive power of the atmosphere in the excited glass.Page 280
uniformly diffusing itself, the balls will again be separated; being now in a negative state.Page 291
L'envie de vous obliger, & la curiosité m'ont tiré de mon fauteüil, où j'êtois occupé à lire: je suis allé chez Coiffier, qui déja m'avoit dépêché un enfant que j'ai rencontré en chemin, pour me prier de veenir; j'ai doublé le pas à travers un torrent de grêle.Page 298
Why will he have the phial, into which the, water is to be decanted from a charged phial, held in a man's hand? If the power of giving a shock is in the water contained in the phial, it should remain there though decanted into another phial, since no non-electric body touched it to take that power off.