know, that in 1752
ten thousand hogsheads of flax-seed, each containing seven bushels,
were exported from Philadelphia to Ireland. I suppose the quantity
is greatly increased since that time, and it is understood, that the
exportation from New York is equal to that from Philadelphia.
_Q._ What becomes of the flax that grows with that flax-seed?
_A._ They manufacture some into coarse, and some into a middling kind
_Q._ Are there any _slitting-mills_ in America?
_A._ I think there are three, but I believe only one at present
employed. I suppose they will all be set to work, if the interruption
of the trade continues.
_Q._ Are there any _fulling-mills_ there?
_A._ A great many.
_Q._ Did you never hear, that a great quantity of stockings were
contracted for, for the army, during the war, and manufactured in
_A._ I have heard so.
_Q._ If the stamp-act should be repealed, would not the Americans
think they could oblige the parliament to repeal every external
tax-law now in force?
_A._ It is hard to answer questions of what people at such a distance
_Q._ But what do you imagine they will think were the motives of
repealing the act?
_A._ I suppose they will think, that it was repealed from a
conviction of its inexpediency; and they will rely upon it, that
while the same inexpediency subsists, you will never attempt to make
_Q._ What do you mean by its inexpediency?
_A._ I mean its inexpediency on several accounts, the poverty and
inability of those who were to pay the tax, the general discontent it
has occasioned, and the impracticability of enforcing it.
_Q._ If the act should be repealed, and the legislature should show
its resentment to the opposers of the stamp-act, would the colonies
acquiesce in the authority of the legislature? What is your opinion
they would do?
_A._ I don't doubt at all, that if the legislature repeal the
stamp-act, the colonies will acquiesce in the authority.
_Q._ But if the legislature should think fit to ascertain its right
to lay taxes, by any act laying a small tax, contrary to their
opinion, would they submit to pay the tax?
_A._ The proceedings of the people in America have been considered
too much together. The proceedings of the assemblies have been very
different from those of the mobs, and should be distinguished, as
having no connection with each other. The _assemblies_ have only
peaceably resolved what they take to be their rights: they have
taken no measures for opposition by force, they have not built a
fort, raised a man, or provided a grain of ammunition, in order to
130 To Governor Franklin 132 To Dr.Page 10
' "'Tell me, at least,.Page 34
" But Methusalem answered and said, "If I am to live but five hundred years longer, it is not worth while to build me a house; I will sleep in the air, as I have been used to do.Page 40
How very few of us continue so long! I have seen generations born, flourish, and expire! My present friends are the children and grandchildren of the friends of my youth, who are now, alas, no more! And I must soon follow them; for, by the course of nature, though still in health, I cannot expect to live above seven or eight minutes longer.Page 98
We can only add, that if the young lady and her friends are willing, we give our consent heartily and our blessing.Page 101
afford a good deal of philosophic and practical knowledge, unembarassed with the dry mathematics used by more exact reasoners, but which is apt to discourage young beginners.Page 102
I am going from the Old World to the New, and I fancy I feel like those who are leaving this world for the next; grief at the parting; fear of the passage; hope of the future: these different passions all affect their minds at once, and these have _tendered_ me down exceedingly.Page 116
" * * * * * "_Mr.Page 129
Priestley, you tell me, continues his experiments with success.Page 156
* * * "B.Page 169
I think agriculture the most honourable of all employments, being the most independent.Page 189
It is shown that at the depth of 43,528 fathoms below the surface of the earth, air is only one fourth less heavy than mercury.Page 191
The earth, opening, swallowed up people, and they rose in other streets; some in the middle of the harbour, and yet were saved; though there were two thousand people lost, and one thousand acres of land sunk.Page 193
After the detail of these horrible convulsions, the reader will have but little curiosity left for the less considerable phenomena of the earthquake at Lima in 1687, described by Father Alvarez de Toledo, wherein above five thousand persons were destroyed; this being of the vibratory kind, so that the bells in the church rung of themselves; or that at Batavia in 1699, by Witsen; that in the north of England in 1703, by Mr.Page 208
I send you, herewith, a letter from an ingenious physician of my acquaintance, which gives one instance of this, that fell within his observation.Page 227
But we must hazard something in what we think the cause of truth: and if we propose our objections modestly, we shall, though mistaken, deserve a censure less severe than when we are both mistaken and insolent.Page 232
We knew before that putrid animal substances were converted into sweet vegetables when mixed with the earth.Page 236
100 88 79 6th " 99 86 80 7th " 100 90 79 8th " 100 88 81 --- --- --- 813 717 632 --- --- --- Medium 101 Medium 89 Medium 79 I made many other experiments, but the above are those in which I was most exact; and they serve sufficiently to show that the difference is considerable.