The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 29

the enemy, unassisted
not only by the mother-country, but by any of the neighbouring
provinces.--The plan, however, was not approved here; but a _New
one_ was formed instead of it; by which it was proposed, that 'the
governors of all the colonies, attended by one or two members of
their respective councils, should assemble, and concert measures
for the defence of the whole, erect forts where they judged proper,
and raise what troops they thought necessary, with power to draw
on the treasury here for the sums that should be wanted, and the
treasury to be reimbursed by a _tax laid on the colonies by act of
parliament_.'--This _New plan_ being communicated by Governor Shirley
to a gentleman of Philadelphia (Dr. Franklin) then in Boston (who
hath very eminently distinguished himself, before and since that
time, in the literary world, and whose judgment, penetration, and
candor, as well as his readiness and ability to suggest, forward,
or carry into execution, every scheme of public utility, hath most
deservedly endeared him, not only to our fellow-subjects throughout
the continent of North America, but to his numberless friends on
this side the Atlantic) occasioned the following remarks from him,
which perhaps may contribute in some degree to its being laid aside.
As they very particularly show the then sentiments of the Americans
on the subject of a parliamentary tax, before the French power in
that country was subjected, and before the late restraints on their
commerce; they satisfy me, and I hope they will convince your readers
(contrary to what has been advanced by some of your correspondents)
that those particulars have had no share in producing the present
opposition to such a tax, nor in disturbances occasioned by it,
which these papers indeed do almost prophetically foretel. For
this purpose, having accidentally fallen into my hands, they are
communicated to you by one who is, not _partially_, but in the _most
enlarged sense_,


II. LETTER _to the same; concerning direct Taxes in the Colonies
imposed without Consent, indirect Taxes, and the Albany Plan of

_Wednesday Morning._


I mentioned it yesterday to your excellency as my opinion, that
excluding the people of the colonies from all share in the choice
of the grand council would probably give extreme dissatisfaction,
as well as the taxing them by act of parliament, where they have
no representation. In matters of general concern to the people, and
especially where burdens are to be laid upon them; it is of use to
consider, as well what they will be apt

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 2
Franklin 49 Observations on the meteorological paper; sent by a gentleman in New York to B.
Page 21
Instead of this shape, in case of a whirlwind, it must have been pyramidical.
Page 23
_ Read at the Royal Society, June 24, 1756.
Page 46
I could plainly observe, that a violent stream of wind issued from the spout, which made a hollow of about six feet diameter in the surface of the water, and raised the water in a circular uneven ring round the hollow, in the same manner that a strong blast from a pair of bellows would do when the pipe is placed perpendicular to the surface of the water; and we plainly heard the same hissing noise which such a blast of wind must produce on the water.
Page 59
Page 64
That some fossils, as sulphur, sea-coal, &c.
Page 82
Cast your eye on the map of North America, and observe the bay of Chesapeak in Virginia, mentioned above; you will see, communicating with it by their mouths, the great rivers Sasquehanah, Potowmack, Rappahanock, York, and James, besides a number of smaller streams, each as big as the Thames.
Page 108
_ DEAR SIR, I thank you for the remarks of your learned friend at Carlisle.
Page 120
7 100 90 79 8 100 88 81 ---- ---- ---- 813 717 632 ---- ---- ---- Medium 101 Medium 89 Medium 79 I made many other experiments, but the above are those in which I was most exact; and they serve sufficiently to show that the difference is considerable.
Page 150
| 64 | 72 | ESE| WbN | 43 | | | water continues of | | | | | | | | | | sea colour, little | | | | | | | | | | light.
Page 169
Page 225
This effect is made manifest three ways.
Page 245
in a column through the box C, into the cavities of the bottom plate, like water falling from a funnel, admirable to such as are not acquainted with the nature of the machine, and in itself a pleasing spectacle.
Page 253
Page 288
_ _Sketch of an English School; for the Consideration of the Trustees of the Philadelphia Academy[75].
Page 306
It is an old observation of politicians, and frequently made by historians, that small states always best preserve their manners.
Page 337
" The race of these godly men in Scotland is probably extinct, or their principles abandoned, since, as far as that nation had a hand in promoting the war against the colonies, prizes and confiscations are believed to have been a considerable motive.
Page 345
--And for what? To gratify the whim of a whimsical sect, who would have us not only forbear making more slaves, but even manumit those we have.
Page 347
_Whose Favour, or for whose Emolument this Court is established.
Page 380
particularly described, 235.