The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 44

to his majesty, as to the mode, measure,
and time) that it is impossible for the assembly, should they lose
all sense of their most essential rights, and comply with those
instructions, to grant sufficient aids for the defence of this his
majesty's province from the common enemy.


_Thirdly_, In pursuance of sundry acts of general assembly, approved
of by the crown, [and] a natural right inherent in every man
antecedent to all laws, the assemblies of this province have had the
power of _disposing_ of the _public_ monies, that have been raised
for the encouragement of trade and support of government, by the
interest money arising by the loan of the bills of credit and the
excise. No part of these monies was ever paid by the _proprietaries_,
or ever raised on their estates; and therefore they can have no
pretence of right to a voice in the disposition of them. They
have ever been applied with prudent frugality to the honour and
advantage of the public, and the king's immediate service, to the
general approbation of the people: the credit of the government has
been preserved, and the debts of the public punctually discharged.
In short, no inconveniencies, but great and many advantages have
accrued, from the assembly's prudent care and management of these
funds.

Yet the proprietaries resolved to deprive the assemblies of the power
and means of _supporting an agent_ in England, and of prosecuting
their complaints and remonstrating their aggrievances, when injured
and oppressed, to his majesty and his parliament: and to rob them
of this natural right (which has been so often approved of by their
gracious sovereign) have, by their said instructions, prohibited
their governor from giving his assent to any laws emitting or
re-emitting any paper-currency or bills of credit, or for raising
money by excise or any other method; unless the governor or commander
in chief for the time being, by clauses to be inserted therein, has
_a negative in the disposition_ of the monies arising thereby; let
the languishing circumstances of our trade be ever so great, and a
further or greater medium be ever so necessary for its support.


_Fourthly_, By the laws and statutes of England, the chief rents,
honours, and castles of the crown are taxed, and _pay their
proportion_ to the supplies that are granted to the king for the
defence of the realm and support of government: his majesty,
the nobility of the realm, and all the British subjects, do now
actually contribute their proportion towards the defence of America
in general, and this province in particular: and it is in a more
especial manner the

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 1
1 On water-spouts 11 The same subject continued 13 Water-spouts and whirlwinds compared 19 Description of a water-spout at Antigua 34 Shooting stars 36 Water-spouts and whirlwinds 37 Observations on the meteorological paper; by a gentleman in Connecticut 45 Observations in answer to the foregoing,.
Page 26
"that a common effect of them is, to carry up into the.
Page 46
In the same voyage I saw several other spouts at a greater distance, but none of them whose tip of the cone came so near the surface of the water.
Page 60
This extensive clearness may have been produced by a long continuance of northerly winds.
Page 89
I am, Sir, with great esteem, yours, &c.
Page 101
reach the earth in perhaps a third of that extent, of which I somewhat doubt.
Page 122
And though the air is vastly lighter than the water, and therefore more easily removed, yet the dimension being much greater its effect is very considerable.
Page 172
Dubourg, are re-translated from the French edition of Dr.
Page 174
I pass this opportunity without any particulars of my old theme.
Page 197
These things it will suffice just to have mentioned; let us proceed to give some necessary directions to the workman who is to fix or set up these fire-places.
Page 230
Chimneys in stacks are apt to draw better than separate funnels, because the funnels, that have constant fires in them, warm the others, in some degree, that have none.
Page 239
The flame descending through the hole in the bottom of the vase, and that in plate D into the box C, passes down farther through the grate W W in plate B 1, then passes horizontally towards the back of the chimney; there dividing, and turning to the right and left, one part of it passes round the far end of the partition 2, then coming forward it turns round the near end of partition 1, then moving backward it arrives at the opening into the bottom of one of the upright corner funnels behind the niche, through which it ascends into the chimney, thus heating that half of the box and that side of the niche.
Page 274
| | | | |_Names_ of Letters as expressed in | | |the reformed Sounds and Characters.
Page 288
He that spells truly most of the other's words is victor for that day; he that is victor most days in a month, to obtain a prize, a pretty neat book of some kind, useful in their future studies.
Page 290
a satire, a letter, blank verse, Hudibrastic, heroic, &c.
Page 292
Once a year, let there be public exercises in the hall; the trustees and citizens present.
Page 297
--and the man that invents new trades, arts or manufactures, or new improvements in husbandry, may be properly called _fathers of their nation_,.
Page 304
Rome were at any period calculated to promote the happiness of individuals, it is not my design to examine; but that their manners, and the effects of those manners on their government and public conduct, founded, enlarged, and supported, and afterwards overthrew their empire, is beyond all doubt.
Page 348
_ It is said to be founded on an article in the state constitution, which establishes the liberty of the press--a liberty which every Pennsylvanian would fight and die for, though few of us, I believe, have distinct ideas of its nature and extent.
Page 375
39.