and hardships before-mentioned;--and endeavour to
procure satisfaction to the masters of such servants as have been
inlisted, and the right of masters to their servants established and
confirmed;--and obtain a repayment of the said several sums of money,
some assistance towards defending our extensive frontier, and a
vessel of war to protect the trade and commerce of this province.
Submitted to the correction of the house.
_Feb. 22, 1757._
 The English colony-governments seem to have been considered
as of three sorts. First, _provincial_ governments; where the
constitution originally depends on the king's commission, and
instructions given to his governors; and the assemblies, held under
that authority, have their share in making local ordinances not
repugnant to English law. Next, _proprietary_ governments; where a
district of country is given by the crown to individuals, attended
with certain legislative powers in the nature of a fief; with a
provision for the sovereignty at home, and also for the fulfilment
of the terms and end of the grant. Lastly, _charter_ governments,
where the fundamentals of the government are previously prescribed
and made known to the settlers, being in no degree left subject to a
governor's commission or proprietor's will. (See Blackstone, Vol. I.
Introd. § 4.)--Good faith however to mankind seemed to require, that
the constitutions, once begun under the provincial or proprietary
governments, should remain unaltered (except for improvement) to the
respective settlers, equally as in charter-governments. B. V.
 Dr. Franklin was afterwards appointed to present this address,
as agent for the province of Pensylvania, and departed from America
for the purpose in June 1757. See his life, Vol. I. p. 134. While in
England, the more effectually to accomplish the business upon which
he was sent, he wrote the article that follows in the next page,
entitled An historical Review, &c. _Editor._
_An historical Review of the Constitution and Government of
Pensylvania, from its Origin; so far as regards the several Points
of Controversy which have, from Time to Time, arisen between the
several Governors of that Province, and their several Assemblies.
Founded on authentic Documents._
Those who would give up _essential liberty_, to purchase a little
_temporary safety_, deserve neither _liberty_ nor _safety_.
To the right honourable Arthur Onslow, speaker of the honourable
House of Commons.
The subject of the following sheets is an unhappy one: the
controversy between the proprietaries and successive assemblies of
Pensylvania: a controversy which has often embarrassed, if not
endangered the public service: a controversy which has
, were renewed, and extended to other articles.Page 12
Inquiry was made after the removers; we were discovered and complained of; several of us were corrected by our fathers; and, though I pleaded the usefulness of the work, mine convinced me that nothing was useful which was not honest.Page 19
" This habit, I believe, has been of great advantage to me when I have had occasion to inculcate my opinions, and persuade men into measures that I have been from time to time engaged in promoting; and, as the chief ends of conversation are to inform or to be informed, to please or to persuade, I wish well-meaning, sensible men would not lessen their power of doing good by a positive, assuming manner, that seldom fails to disgust, tends to create opposition, and to defeat every one of those purposes for which speech was given to us,--to wit, giving or receiving information or pleasure.Page 35
While I lived in Boston most of my hours of leisure for conversation were spent with him, and he continued a sober as well as an industrious lad, was much respected for his learning by several of the clergy and other gentlemen, and seemed to promise making a good figure in life.Page 40
Osborne was against Ralph, and told him he was no better a critic than poet, so he dropped the argument.Page 44
He found some relations, but they were poor, and unable to assist him.Page 48
My constant attendance (I never making a Saint Monday) recommended me to the master; and my uncommon quickness at composing occasioned my being put upon all work of dispatch, which was generally better paid.Page 61
William Maugridge, a joiner, a most exquisite mechanic, and a solid, sensible man.Page 73
I had been religiously educated as a Presbyterian; and, though I early absented myself from the public assemblies of the sect, Sunday being my studying day, I never was without some religious principles.Page 81
" I used also sometimes a little prayer which I took from Thomson's Poems: "Father of light and life, thou Good Supreme! O teach me what is good; teach me Thyself! Save me from folly, vanity, and vice, From every low pursuit; and fill my soul .Page 86
I did, indeed, from time to time, put down short hints of the sentiments, reasonings, etc.Page 93
" Those, however, of our congregation who considered themselves as orthodox Presbyterians, disapproved his doctrine, and were joined by most of the old clergy, who arraigned him of heterodoxy before the synod, in order to have him silenced.Page 103
By hearing him often, I could distinguish easily between sermons newly composed and those which he had often preached in the course of his travels.Page 113
Being now a member of both sets of trustees, that for the building and that for the academy, I had a good opportunity of negotiating with both, and brought them finally to an agreement, by which the trustees for the building were to cede it to those of the academy, the latter undertaking to discharge the debt, to keep forever open in the building a large hall for occasional preachers, according to the original intention, and maintain a free school for the instruction of poor children.Page 114
Spence's apparatus, who had come from England to lecture here, and I proceeded in my electrical experiments with great alacrity.Page 120
She said, "Nobody; but I am very poor and in distress, and I sweeps before gentlefolkses doors, and hopes they will give me something.Page 131
TO THE INHABITANTS OF THE COUNTIES OF LANCASTER, YORK, AND CUMBERLAND.Page 138
the discharge of the servants of three poor farmers of Lancaster County that he had enlisted, reminding him of the late general's orders on that head.Page 142
We met with no Indians, but we found the places on the neighboring hills where they had lain to watch our proceedings.Page 174
= "Our acquaintance continued as long as he lived.