Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 106

que
si le conseil privé l'adoptoit, elle auroit les conséquences les plus
dangereuses, les plus funestes pour le commerce, la paix et la sécurité
des colonies de sa majesté en Amérique.

D'après cela nous espérons que la nécessité de faire du territoire de
l'Ohio, une colonie séparée sera regardée comme une mesure conforme à la
plus sage politique et très-avantageuse au repos des anciennes colonies,
à la conservation de la ligne des limites, et aux intérêts commerciaux
de la mère-patrie.

[43] En 1770, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Walpole, banquier de Londres,
John Sargent, Samuel Warton et quelques autres, présentèrent une
pétition au roi d'Angleterre, pour obtenir la concession de terres
sur les bords de l'Ohio, où ils vouloient établir une nouvelle
province. Lord Halifax, qui étoit alors à la tête du bureau du
commerce, approuvoit beaucoup ce projet. Mais lord Hillsborough, qui
le remplaça, pensoit autrement; et lorsqu'en 1772, la pétition lui
fut renvoyée, il fit un rapport pour la faire rejeter. Franklin
écrivit les observations qu'on va lire, et le conseil du roi
prononça en faveur des pétitionnaires. Lord Hillsborough en fut si
piqué, qu'il donna sur-le-champ sa démission. (_Note du
Traducteur._)

[44] Les cinq Nations d'alors sont les mêmes que celles qu'on appelle
les six Nations, depuis qu'elles se sont confédérées avec quelques
autres peuplades. (_Note du Traducteur._)

[45] Le Potowmack.

[46] Les premiers vivoient non loin de la rivière James, en Virginie,
et les seconds sur les bords de cette rivière.

[47] C'est le délégué du gouvernement le plus injuste et le plus
perfide de l'Europe, qui ose ainsi parler des Français! (_Note du
Traducteur._)

[48] Nullo in posterum impedimento, aut molestiâ afficiant.

[49] Ce territoire est tout le pays qui s'étend depuis les montagnes
d'Allegany jusqu'à l'Ohio, sur les deux rives de ce fleuve et
jusqu'aux bords du Mississipi.

[50] Inspecteur-général des affaires indiennes dans la partie
méridionale des colonies anglaises.

[51] Il est au moins de huit cents milles de long.

[52] La Floride orientale et la Floride occidentale.

[53] M. George Greenville étoit père du

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] *terfeited but those of 13 _d_.