Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 107

ministre actuel. Il fut
premier lord de la trésorerie. Sa querelle avec Wilkes fit, dans le
temps, beaucoup de bruit. (_Note du Traducteur._)

[54] Le sir William Johnson, qui tint ce discours, joue un très-grand
rôle dans l'histoire de l'Amérique septentrionale. Il connoissoit
parfaitement le caractère des Sauvages; et étoit parvenu à se faire
donner, par eux, un territoire très-considérable. Voici un des
traits qu'on m'a cités de lui, lorsque je voyageois dans les
États-Unis. Les Sauvages prétendent qu'un véritable ami doit, s'il
le peut, réaliser leurs songes. Johnson connoissant ce préjugé, et
voulant tenter l'ambition d'un chef, qui étoit venu le voir, exposa
à sa vue un habit d'écarlate galonné, et un beau sabre. Le Sauvage
n'osa pas demander ces objets: mais le lendemain, il revint chez
Johnson, et lui dit: «Frère, j'ai rêvé, cette nuit, que tu m'avois
donné ton habit rouge et ton beau sabre».--«Tu les auras», répondit
Johnson; et il les lui donna sur-le-champ.--Au bout de quelque
temps, le Sauvage ayant reparu, Johnson lui dit:--«Frère, j'ai rêvé
que tu m'avois donné le pays qui s'étend depuis telle rivière
jusqu'à telle autre».--«Il est à toi, répliqua le Sauvage. Mais mon
frère, ne rêvons plus; car tes songes valent mieux que les miens, et
tu me ruinerois».--(_Note du Traducteur._)

[55] Redstone creek.

[56] Cheat river.

[57] Il porte aujourd'hui le nom de marquis de Lansdown. (_Note du

[58] C'est là que les troupes du général Braddock débarquèrent
lorsqu'elles passèrent en Amérique.

[59] La distance étoit alors de soixante-dix milles mais par une route
nouvellement faite, elle n'est que de quarante milles; et l'on
épargne plus de la moitié des 5 s. 9 d.

[60] Le demi-sou anglais vaut un sou tournois. L'aune anglaise n'a
qu'environ 33 pouces. (_Note du Traducteur._)

[61] Premier lord commissaire du bureau du commerce et des colonies.

[62] Franklin a combattu avec beaucoup d'adresse l'opinion du
gouverneur Wright: mais

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