Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 112

c'est un impôt que nous payons à l'Angleterre.

Enfin, comme il ne nous est permis ni de régler notre commerce, ni
d'arrêter l'importation et la consommation des superfluités anglaises,
ce que l'Angleterre peut faire pour les superfluités des pays étrangers,
toutes nos richesses finissent par passer dans les mains des marchands
et des habitans de la Grande-Bretagne; et puisque nous les enrichissons,
et que nous les mettons plus en état de payer leurs impôts, c'est comme
si nous étions taxés nous-mêmes, et tout aussi avantageux à la couronne.

Cependant, nous ne nous plaignons point de ces espèces de taxes
secondaires, quoique nous ne participions point à la manière dont on les
impose. Mais payer des taxes directes et très-fortes, sans avoir aucune
part à leur établissement, taxes qui peuvent nous sembler aussi inutiles
qu'onéreuses, c'est sans doute, une mesure trop cruelle pour des
Anglais, qui ne peuvent croire qu'en hasardant leur fortune et leur vie
pour conquérir, défricher des contrées nouvelles, et étendre l'empire et
le commerce de leur patrie, ils ont perdu leurs droits naturels. Ils
pensent, au contraire, que leurs entreprises et leurs travaux leur
auroient mérité ces droits, s'ils avoient été auparavant dans un état
d'esclavage.

Voilà, j'imagine, ce que diront les habitans des colonies, si les
changemens proposés dans le plan d'Albany, ont lieu. Alors, les
gouverneurs et les conseils n'ayant point de représentans du peuple pour
approuver leurs mesures, y concourir et les rendre agréables aux colons,
verront bientôt leur administration devenir suspecte et odieuse. Des
haines, des discordes naîtront entre les gouvernans et les gouvernés, et
tout sera bientôt en confusion.

Peut-être ai-je trop de craintes à cet égard: mais à présent que je vous
ai communiqué, avec franchise, ma façon de penser, Votre Excellence peut
juger mieux que moi, si j'ai raison. Et le peu de temps que j'ai eu pour
composer cette lettre, doit, j'espère, excuser en partie son
imperfection.

Je suis, etc.

B. FRANKLIN.

* * * * *

AU MÊME

Boston, le 22 décembre 1754.

Depuis la conversation que j'ai eue avec Votre Excellence, sur le moyen
d'unir plus intimement

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Text Comparison with Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 18
Accordingly, in the evening, when the workmen were gone, I assembled a number of my playfellows, and working with them diligently like so many emmets, sometimes two or three to a stone, we brought them all away and built our little wharf.
Page 41
This afterwards occasion'd me a good deal of uneasiness.
Page 59
I had by no means improv'd my fortune; but I had picked up some very ingenious acquaintance, whose conversation was of great advantage to me; and I had read considerably.
Page 64
My mind having been much more improv'd by reading than Keimer's, I suppose it was for that reason my conversation seem'd to be more valu'd.
Page 68
Thomas Godfrey, a self-taught mathematician, great in his way, and afterward inventor of what is now called Hadley's Quadrant.
Page 77
Franklin's correspondence abounds with evidence that their union was a happy one.
Page 81
I never doubted, for instance, the existence of the Deity; that he made the world, and govern'd it by his Providence; that the most acceptable service of God was the doing good to man; that our souls are immortal; and that all crime will be punished, and virtue rewarded, either here or hereafter.
Page 83
Chastity.
Page 111
And it being found inconvenient to assemble in the open air, subject to its inclemencies, the building of a house to meet in was no sooner propos'd, and persons appointed to receive contributions, but sufficient sums were soon receiv'd to procure the ground and erect the building, which was one hundred feet long and seventy broad, about the size of Westminster Hall;[80] and the work was carried on with such spirit as to be finished in a much shorter time than could have been expected.
Page 120
The common mode at last was, to grant money under the phrase of its being "_for the king's use_," and never to inquire how it was applied.
Page 123
Several persons were named, and for that reason not agreed to.
Page 125
[88] See the votes to have this more correctly.
Page 131
I had observ'd that the streets, when dry, were never swept, and the light dust carried away; but it was suffer'd to accumulate till wet weather reduc'd it to mud, and then, after lying some days so deep on the pavement that there was no crossing but in paths kept clean by poor people with brooms, it was with great labour rak'd together and thrown up into carts open above, the sides of which suffered some of the slush at every jolt on the pavement to shake out and fall, sometimes to the annoyance of foot-passengers.
Page 134
A previous question was first taken, whether a union should be established, which pass'd in the affirmative unanimously.
Page 135
"Look round the habitable world, how few Know their own good, or, knowing it, pursue!" Those who govern, having much business on their hands, do not generally like to take the trouble of considering and carrying into execution new projects.
Page 142
"I have no particular interest in this affair, as, except the satisfaction of endeavouring to do good, I shall have only my labour for my pains.
Page 151
It being winter, a fire was necessary for them; but a common fire on the surface of the ground would by its light have discover'd their position at a distance.
Page 166
After many conjectures respecting the cause, when we were near another ship almost as dull as ours, which, however, gain'd upon us, the captain ordered all hands to come aft, and stand as near the ensign staff as possible.
Page 171
They alledg'd that the act was intended to load the proprietary estate in order to spare those of the people, and that if it were suffer'd to continue in force, and the proprietaries, who were in odium with the people, left to their mercy in proportioning the taxes, they would inevitably be ruined.
Page 179
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