Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 12

dans votre
lettre du 8 juin, à la nouvelle méthode de traiter la petite vérole; et
je saisis cette occasion, pour vous faire part de l'usage que j'ai
moi-même adopté.

Vous savez que depuis long-temps les bains froids sont employés ici
comme un tonique. Mais le saisissement que produit en général l'eau
froide, m'a toujours paru trop violent; et j'ai trouvé plus analogue à
ma constitution, et plus agréable de me baigner dans un autre élément,
c'est-à-dire, dans l'air froid. Je me lève donc, tous les jours, de
très-bon matin, et je reste alors sans m'habiller une heure ou une
demi-heure, suivant la saison, m'occupant à lire, ou à écrire.

Cet usage n'est nullement pénible. Il est, au contraire, très-agréable;
et si avant de m'habiller je me remets dans mon lit, comme cela m'arrive
quelquefois, c'est un supplément au repos de la nuit, et je jouis une
heure ou deux d'un sommeil délectable. Je ne crois point que cela puisse
avoir aucun dangereux effet. Ma santé, du moins, n'en est point altérée;
et j'imagine, au contraire, que c'est ce qui m'aide à la conserver.
C'est pourquoi j'appelerai désormais ce bain, _un bain tonique_.


10 mars 1793.

Je ne tenterai pas d'expliquer pourquoi les vêtemens humides
occasionnent des rhumes plutôt que les vêtemens mouillés; parce que j'en
doute. J'imagine, au contraire, que ni les uns ni les autres n'ont un
tel effet; et que les causes des rhumes sont absolument indépendantes de
l'humidité et même du froid. Je me propose d'écrire une petite
dissertation sur ce sujet, dès que j'en aurai le temps.

À présent, je me bornerai à vous dire que croyant mal fondée l'opinion
commune, qui attribue au froid la propriété de resserrer les pores et
d'arrêter la transpiration insensible, j'ai engagé un jeune médecin, qui
fesoit des expériences avec la balance de _Sanctorius_, à examiner les
différentes proportions de sa transpiration, en restant une heure
entièrement nud, et une heure chaudement vêtu. Il a renouvelé cette
expérience pendant huit jours consécutifs, et a trouvé que sa
transpiration étoit deux fois plus considérable dans les heures qu'il
étoit nud.

[13] Ceci est extrait de quelques lettres adressées à M. Dubourg.




OBSERVATIONS SUR LES IDÉES GÉNÉRALES CONCERNANT LA VIE ET LA MORT[14].


Vos observations sur

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 1
The first five chapters of the Autobiography were composed in England in 1771, continued in 1784-5, and again in 1788, at which date he brought it down to 1757.
Page 19
" There was a consultation held in our printing-house among his friends, what he should do in this case.
Page 26
He had a house, indeed, but without furniture, so he could not lodge me; but he got me a lodging at Mr.
Page 29
in business who wanted yet three years of being at man's estate.
Page 37
Then, when I call'd to take my leave and receive the letters, his secretary, Dr.
Page 42
I grew fond of her company, and, being at that time under no religious restraint, and presuming upon my importance to her, I attempted familiarities (another erratum) which she repuls'd with a proper resentment, and acquainted him with my behaviour.
Page 43
Those who continued sotting with beer all day, were often, by not paying, out of credit at the alehouse, and us'd to.
Page 56
This man continued to live in this decaying place, and to declaim in the same strain, refusing for many years to buy a house there, because all was going to destruction; and at last I had the pleasure of seeing him give five times as much for one as he might have bought it for when he first began his croaking.
Page 59
Hamilton, before mentioned, who was then returned from England, and had a seat in it.
Page 61
" It was well receiv'd by the common people in general; but the rich men dislik'd it, for it increas'd and strengthen'd the clamor for more money, and they happening to have no writers among them that were able to answer it, their opposition slacken'd, and the point was carried by a majority in the House.
Page 81
Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.
Page 88
HAVING mentioned a great and extensive project which I had conceiv'd, it seems proper that some account should be here given of that project and its object.
Page 103
I was call'd upon for the instrument of association, and having settled the draft of it with a few friends, I appointed a meeting of the citizens in the large building before mentioned.
Page 111
, those, in case of vacancy by death, were to fill it by election from among the contributors.
Page 119
From the slowness I saw at first in her working, I could scarce believe that the work was done so soon, and sent my servant to examine it, who reported that the whole street was swept perfectly clean, and all the dust plac'd in the gutter, which was in the middle; and the next rain wash'd it quite away, so that the pavement and even the kennel were perfectly clean.
Page 130
I said nothing, however, to him of my intention, but wrote the next morning to the committee of the Assembly, who had the disposition of some public money, warmly recommending the case of these officers to their consideration, and proposing that a present should be sent them of necessaries and refreshments.
Page 133
In their first march, too, from their landing till they got beyond the settlements, they had plundered and stripped the inhabitants, totally ruining some poor families, besides insulting, abusing, and confining the people if they remonstrated.
Page 148
This his lordship did not chuse to do, though I once thought I had nearly prevail'd with him to do it; but finally he rather chose to urge the compliance of the Assembly; and he entreated me to use my endeavours with them for that purpose, declaring that he would spare none of the king's troops for the defense of our frontiers, and that, if we did not continue to provide for that defense ourselves, they must remain expos'd to the enemy.
Page 160
1723 Breaks his indenture and removes to Philadelphia; obtaining employment in Keimer's printing-office; abandons vegetarianism.
Page 162
1779 Appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to France.