Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 16

donc sûr
que les cochons et les moutons sont les animaux qu'il est plus
convenable d'embarquer, parce que la viande de mouton est en général
très-bonne à la mer, et celle de cochon, excellente.

Il peut arriver qu'une partie des provisions, que je recommande de
prendre, devienne inutile, par les soins qu'aura eus le capitaine, d'en
mettre à bord une suffisante quantité. Mais, dans ce cas, vous pouvez en
faire présent aux pauvres passagers, qui, payant moins pour leur
passage, sont logés dans l'entre-pont avec l'équipage, et n'ont droit
qu'à la ration des matelots.

Ces passagers sont quelquefois malades, tristes, abattus: on voit
souvent, parmi eux, des femmes, des enfans, qui n'ont pas eu le moyen de
se procurer les choses dont je viens de faire mention, et qui leur sont
de la plus grande nécessité. En leur distribuant une partie de votre
superflu, vous pouvez leur être du plus grand secours; vous pouvez leur
donner la santé, leur sauver la vie, enfin les rendre heureux; avantage
qui procure toujours les sensations les plus douces à une ame
compatissante!

La chose la plus désagréable en mer, est la manière dont on y apprête à
manger; car, à proprement parler, il n'y a jamais à bord de bon
cuisinier[15]. Le plus mauvais matelot est ordinairement choisi pour cet
emploi, et il est presque toujours fort mal-propre. C'est de là que
vient ce dicton des marins anglais:--«Dieu nous envoie la viande et le
diable les cuisiniers».--Cependant ceux qui ont meilleure opinion de la
providence, pensent autrement. Sachant que l'air de la mer, et le
mouvement que procure le roulis du vaisseau, ont un étonnant effet pour
aiguiser l'appétit, il disent que Dieu a donné aux marins de mauvais
cuisiniers, pour les empêcher de trop manger, ou bien que prévoyant
qu'ils auroient de mauvais cuisiniers, il leur a donné un bon appétit,
pour les empêcher de mourir de faim.

Mais si vous n'avez pas confiance dans ces secours de la providence,
vous pouvez vous pourvoir d'une lampe à l'esprit-de-vin et d'une
bouilloire, et vous apprêter vous-même quelques alimens, comme de la
soupe, des viandes hachées, etc. Un petit fourneau de tôle est aussi
très-commode à bord; et votre domestique peut vous y faire rôtir des
morceaux de mouton ou de cochon.

Si vous avez envie de manger du boeuf salé, qui est souvent très-bon,
vous trouverez que le cidre est la meilleure liqueur pour étancher la
soif qu'occasionnent et cette viande et le poisson salé.

Le biscuit ordinaire est trop dur pour les dents de quelques personnes;
on peut le ramollir en le fesant tremper: mais le pain cuit deux fois
est encore meilleur;

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Text Comparison with Franklin's Autobiography (Eclectic English Classics)

Page 16
We sometimes disputed, and very fond we were of argument and very desirous of confuting each other; which disputatious turn, by the way, is apt to become a very bad habit,[n] making people often extremely disagreeable in company by the contradiction that is necessary to bring it into practice; and thence, besides souring and spoiling the conversation, is productive of disgusts and perhaps enmities where you may have occasion for friendship.
Page 18
I determined to go into it.
Page 20
Hearing their conversations and their accounts of the approbation their papers were received with, I was excited to try my hand among them; but, being still a boy, and suspecting that my brother would object to printing anything of mine in his paper if he knew it to be mine, I contrived to disguise my hand, and, writing an anonymous paper, I put it in at night under the door of the printing house.
Page 41
This transaction fixed Ralph in his resolution of becoming a poet.
Page 45
This I esteemed a great advantage, and I made as much use of it as I could.
Page 78
This being acquired and established, Silence would be more easy; and my desire being to gain knowledge at the same time that I improved in virtue, and considering that in conversation it was obtained rather by the use of the ears than of the tongue, and therefore wishing to break a habit I was getting into of prattling, punning, and joking, which only made me acceptable to trifling company, I gave Silence the second place.
Page 85
as bright as the edge.
Page 99
This idea, being approved by the Junto, was communicated to the other clubs, but as arising in each of them; and though the plan was not immediately carried into execution, yet, by preparing the minds of people for the change, it paved the way for the law obtained a few years after, when the members of our clubs were grown into more influence.
Page 109
It was in allusion to this fact that, when in our fire company we feared the success of our proposal in favor of the lottery, and I had said to my friend Mr.
Page 120
The reason given for not sweeping the dusty streets was that the dust would fly into the windows of shops and houses.
Page 130
Whereas, one hundred and fifty wagons, with four horses to each wagon, and fifteen hundred saddle or pack horses, are wanted for the service of his Majesty's forces now about to rendezvous at Will's Creek, and his Excellency, General Braddock, having been pleased to empower me to contract for the hire of the same, I hereby give notice that I shall attend for that purpose at Lancaster from this day to next Wednesday evening, and at York from next Thursday morning till Friday evening, where I shall be ready to agree for wagons and teams, or single horses, on the following terms, viz.
Page 135
" Having before revolved in my mind the long line his army must make in their march by a very narrow road, to be cut for them through the woods and bushes, and also what I had read of a former defeat of fifteen hundred French, who invaded the Iroquois country, I had conceived some doubts and some fears for the event of the campaign.
Page 139
He gave me a commission with full powers, and a parcel of blank commissions for officers, to be given to whom I thought fit.
Page 140
I was surprised to find it in so good a posture of defense; the destruction of Gnadenhut had made them apprehend danger.
Page 146
The English warned off the intruders upon what they deemed their territory, and sent General Braddock to the colonists' aid.
Page 150
He accompanied it with very polite expressions of his esteem for me, having, as he said, been long acquainted with my character.
Page 151
But between us personally no enmity arose; we were often together.
Page 157
I apprehend that this may partly be occasioned by the different opinions of seamen respecting the modes of lading, rigging, and sailing of a ship.
Page 172
I am, as ever, thine to serve thee, RICHARD SAUNDERS.
Page 174
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