Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 62

crédit, et nous tournerons nos pensées, nous dirigerons
nos efforts vers les moyens de la faire bien administrer.

Enfin, Mr. le président, je ne puis m'empêcher de former un voeu, c'est
que ceux des membres de cette convention, qui peuvent encore avoir
quelque chose à objecter contre la constitution, veuillent, ainsi que
moi, douter un peu de leur infaillibilité, et que pour prouver que nous
avons agi avec unanimité, ils mettent leur nom au bas de cette charte.

* * * * *

--On fit la motion d'ajouter à la convention des États-Unis, cette
formule:--«Fait en convention, d'un consentement unanime, etc.»--La
motion passa, et la formule fut ajoutée.

[40] Franklin ne cite pas très-exactement cette anecdocte, qui se
trouve dans les _Mémoires de madame de Stalh_, née mademoiselle
Delaunay. (_Note du Traducteur._)




PROJET D'UN COLLÉGE ANGLAIS, PRÉSENTÉ AUX CURATEURS DU COLLÉGE DE
PHILADELPHIE.


Il faut que, pour être admis dans ce collége, chaque écolier soit au
moins en état de bien prononcer les syllabes en lisant, et d'écrire
passablement. Aucun écolier ne pourra y être reçu au-dessous de l'âge
de.... ans.


PREMIÈRE CLASSE, OU CLASSE INFÉRIEURE.

Il faut que dans cette classe, on enseigne aux écoliers les règles de la
grammaire anglaise, et qu'en même-temps on prenne soin de les faire bien
ortographier. Peut-être la meilleure manière d'apprendre l'ortographe
est de mettre toujours ensemble les deux écoliers qui ont le même degré
de capacité. Il faut que ces deux rivaux se disputent la victoire, et
que chacun d'eux propose, tous les jours, à l'autre, d'ortographier des
mots différens. Celui qui écrira correctement le plus grand nombre des
mots proposés par son adversaire, aura la victoire; et celui qui la
remportera le plus souvent dans un mois, obtiendra, pour prix, un petit
livre, ou quelqu'autre chose utile à ses études.

Cette méthode fixe l'attention des enfans sur l'ortographe, et fait
qu'ils écrivent de bonne heure très-correctement. Il est honteux pour un
homme d'ignorer l'ortographe de sa propre langue, au point de confondre
les mots qui ont le même son et une différente signification. Celui qui
a le sentiment de son insuffisance à cet égard, et qui cependant a de
l'esprit et des connoissances, a de la répugnance pour écrire, même la
lettre la plus simple.

Il faut que dans la première classe, les écoliers ne lisent

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

Page 15
"The power proposed to be given by the plan to the grand council is only a concentration of the powers of the several assemblies in certain points for the general welfare; as the power of the president general, is of the powers of the several governors in the same points.
Page 16
4 New Jerseys 3 Pennsylvania 6 Maryland 4 Virginia 7 North Carolina 4 South Carolina 4 ---- .
Page 36
The dreaded junction of the French settlements in Canada with those of Louisiana would be prevented.
Page 72
[3.
Page 73
is likely, in any lucrative view, to redound at all to the advantage of any person there.
Page 78
reach.
Page 86
of trade, and transmitted to that board by the respective governors; of which accounts I shall select one as a sample, being that from the colony of Rhode-Island;[45] a colony that of all the others receives the least addition from strangers.
Page 108
Bank bills and bankers notes are daily used _here_ as a medium of trade, and in large dealings perhaps the greater part is transacted by their means; and yet _they_ have no intrinsic value, but rest on the credit of those that issue them; as paper-bills in the colonies do on the credit of the respective governments there.
Page 115
common courts; and required, that the trial should be by a court-martial, composed of officers of his own sole appointing, who should have power of sentencing even to death; the house could by no means consent thus to give up their constituents' liberty, estate, and life itself, into the absolute power of a proprietary governor; and so the bill failed.
Page 154
_ "Pursuant to a resolve of the nineteenth of last month, that the thanks of this house be given to Benjamin Franklin, Esq.
Page 166
It is of no importance to the common welfare of the empire, whether a subject of the king gets his living by making hats on this, or on that side of the water.
Page 171
Please to acquaint him then, that the fact is not so: that every year during the war, requisitions were made by the crown on the colonies for raising money and men; that accordingly they made _more extraordinary_ efforts, in proportion to their abilities, than Britain did; that they raised, paid and clothed, for five or six years, near 25,000 men, besides providing for other services (as building forts, equipping guard-ships, paying transports, &c.
Page 212
of all forts and places of strength, is, and by the laws of England ever was, the undoubted right of his majesty and his royal predecessors, kings and queens of England, within all his majesty's realms and dominions[112]," in like manner as the supreme military power and command (so far as the constitution knows of and will justify its establishment) is inseparably annexed to, and forms an essential part of the office of supreme civil magistrate, the office of king: in like manner, in all _governments under the king_, where the constituents are British subjects and of full and perfect right entitled to the British laws and constitution, the supreme military command within the precincts of such jurisdictions must be inseparably annexed to the office of supreme civil magistrate, (his majesty's regent, vice-regent, lieutenant, or locum tenens, in what form soever established) so that the king cannot, by any[113] commission of regency, by any commission or charter of government, separate or withdraw the supreme command of the military from the office of supreme civil magistrate--either by reserving this command in his own hands, to be exercised and executed independent of the civil power; or by granting a distinct commission to any military commander in chief, so to be exercised and executed; but more especially not within such jurisdictions where such supreme military power (so far as the constitution knows and will justify the same) is _already_ annexed and granted to the office of supreme civil magistrate.
Page 227
Franklin.
Page 263
They are the records of the council, and they preserve tradition of the stipulations in treaties a hundred years back; which, when we compare with our writings, we always find exact.
Page 292
In my first paper, I invited the learned and the ingenious to join with me in this undertaking; and I now repeat that invitation.
Page 309
" And again, "the eye of a master will do more work than both his hands;" and again, "want of care does us more damage than want of knowledge;" and again, "not to oversee workmen, is to leave them your purse open.
Page 357
And will not the consequences be, a discouragement of many of the vessels that used to come from other places to purchase our produce, and thereby a turning of the trade to ports that can be entered with less danger, and capable of furnishing them with the same commodities, as New York, &c.
Page 360
Their religious prepossessions are unchangeable, their obstinacy invincible.
Page 401
396.