Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 69

mutuelle de certaines parties, et la
répulsion mutuelle des autres, tous ont tendu vers leur centre commun.
Je dirois que l'air étant un fluide, dont les parties repoussent toutes
celles qui leur sont étrangères, il a été entraîné vers le centre
commun, par sa gravité, et devoit être plus dense à mesure qu'il
approchoit plus de ce centre; que conséquemment tous les corps, plongés
dans cet air et plus légers que ces parties centrales, ont dû s'éloigner
du centre et s'élever jusqu'à cette région, où la gravité spécifique de
l'air étant la même que la leur, ils se sont arrêtés; tandis que
d'autres matières mêlées avec un air plus léger, sont descendues, et se
rencontrant avec les premières, ont formé la coquille de la terre, et
laissé l'atmosphère qui est au-dessus, presqu'entièrement dégagé de
toutes les parties hétérogènes.

Le premier mouvement des parties de l'air vers leur centre commun, a dû
occasionner un tourbillon, qui a été continué par la rotation du globe
nouvellement formé, et le plus grand diamètre de la coquille s'est
trouvé à l'équateur. Ensuite, si par quelqu'accident l'axe du globe a
été changé, le fluide dense et intérieur a dû, en changeant de forme,
crever la coquille, et jeter les diverses substances, qui la composent,
dans la confusion où nous la voyons.

Je ne veux pas, à présent, vous fatiguer de mes idées sur la manière
dont a été formé le reste de notre systême terrestre. Les esprits
célestes sourient de nos théories, et de la présomption avec laquelle
nous osons les faire.

Je ne dois pas négliger de vous dire que votre observation sur la nature
ferrugineuse de la lave que vomissent les volcans, m'a fait très-grand
plaisir. Je me suis imaginé, depuis très-long-temps, que le fer contenu
dans la substance du globe, l'a rendu propre à être, comme il est en
effet, un grand aimant; que le fluide du magnétisme existe, peut-être,
dans tout l'espace; de sorte que l'Univers a, ainsi que notre globe, un
nord et un sud magnétique; et si un homme avoit la faculté de voler
d'une étoile à l'autre, il pourroit diriger sa route par le moyen de la
boussole. Je crois, enfin, que c'est par le pouvoir de ce magnétisme
général, que le globe terrestre est devenu un aimant particulier. Dans
du fer ramolli, ou chaud, le fluide magnétique est également répandu:
mais quand il est sous l'influence d'un aimant, il est attiré à l'une
des extrémités du fer, de laquelle la densité augmente, tandis que celle
de l'extrémité opposée diminue.

Pendant que le fer est ramolli et chaud, il n'est qu'un aimant
momentané: s'il se refroidit et

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Text Comparison with The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 3
From these notes I learned that the family had lived in the same village, Ecton, in Northamptonshire, for three hundred years, and how much longer he knew not (perhaps from the time when the name of Franklin, that before was the name of an order of people, was assumed by them as a surname when others took surnames all over the kingdom), on a freehold of about thirty acres, aided by the smith's business, which had continued in the family till his time, the eldest son being always bred to that business; a custom which he and my father followed as to their eldest sons.
Page 18
But my brother was passionate, and had often beaten me, which I took extreamly amiss; and, thinking my apprenticeship very tedious, I was continually wishing for some opportunity of shortening it, which at length offered in a manner unexpected.
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Brown.
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He and I had made a serious agreement, that the one who happen'd first to die should, if possible, make a friendly visit to the other, and acquaint him how he found things in that separate state.
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I found in his house these hands: Hugh Meredith, a Welsh Pensilvanian, thirty years of age, bred to country work; honest, sensible, had a great deal of solid observation, was something of a reader, but given to drink.
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He soon left us.
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{ 10 } { 11 } { 12 } NIGHT.
Page 91
I furnish'd him with a press and letters, on an agreement of partnership, by which I was to receive one-third of the profits of the business, paying one-third of the expense.
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He was at first permitted to preach in some of our churches; but the clergy, taking a dislike to him, soon refus'd him their pulpits, and he was oblig'd to preach in the fields.
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by subscriptions among themselves, provided silk colors, which they presented to the companies, painted with different devices and mottos, which I supplied.
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and it was soon cover'd with mire, which was not remov'd, the city as yet having no scavengers.
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Hamilton, who, tir'd with the disputes his proprietary instructions subjected him to, had resign'd.
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good 1 lb.
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Shirley, was killed by his side; and out of eighty-six officers, sixty-three were killed or wounded, and seven hundred and fourteen men killed out of eleven hundred.
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I gave him a commission, and, parading the garrison, had it read before them, and introduc'd him to them as an officer who, from his skill in military affairs, was much more fit to command them than myself; and, giving them a little exhortation, took my leave.
Page 141
The first time I reviewed my regiment they accompanied me to my house, and would salute me with some.
Page 142
Notwithstanding the continual wrangle between the governor and the House, in which I, as a member, had so large a share, there still subsisted a civil intercourse between that gentleman and myself, and we never had any personal difference.
Page 146
Without my having made any application for that honor, they chose me a member, and voted that I should be excus'd the customary payments, which would have amounted to twenty-five guineas; and ever since have given me their Transactions gratis.
Page 150
The other two paquets he still detained, carried them with him to Halifax, where he stayed some time to exercise the men in sham attacks upon sham forts, then alter'd his mind as.
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Franklin, I find a low seat the easiest.