Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 79

que nos droits vont très-loin au midi du grand Kenhawa, et que
nous sommes très-bien fondés à nous étendre du même côté jusqu'à la
rivière de Cherokée; prétention que nous ne pouvons céder à aucune autre
nation Indienne, sans nuire à notre postérité, et outrager les guerriers
qui ont combattu pour la conquérir.--Nous espérons donc que notre droit
sera respecté.»

En novembre 1768, les six Nations vendirent au roi d'Angleterre, tout le
pays qui s'étend de la rive méridionale de l'Ohio, jusqu'à la rivière de
Cherokée. Mais malgré cette vente, aussitôt qu'on apprit en Virginie que
le gouvernement favorisoit les prétentions des Cherokées, et qu'on eut
vu de retour le docteur Walker et le colonel Lewis, que cette province
avoit envoyés au congrès du fort Stanvix, lord Bottetourt chargea ces
deux commissaires de se rendre à Charles-Town, dans la Caroline
méridionale, pour essayer de convaincre M. Stuart[50] de la nécessité
d'étendre la ligne de démarcation qu'il avoit tracée, d'accord avec les
Cherokées, et l'engager à la porter depuis le grand Kenhawa jusqu'à la
rivière d'Holston.

Ces deux commissaires furent choisis par lord Bottetourt, parce qu'ils
s'étoient occupés depuis long-temps des affaires qui avoient rapport aux
Indiens, et qu'ils connoissoient parfaitement l'étendue du pays des
Cherokées. Quand ils furent arrivés dans la Caroline méridionale, ils
écrivirent à M. Stuart, relativement aux prétentions formées par les
Cherokées, sur les terres au midi du grand Kenhawa. M. Stuart n'avoit
été nommé que depuis très-peu d'années, à la place qu'il remplissoit
alors, et d'après la nature de ses premières occupations, on ne devoit
pas penser qu'il pût bien connoître le territoire des Cherokées. Voici
ce qu'on trouve dans la lettre que lui adressèrent les commissaires
virginiens.


Charles-Town, le 2 février, 1769.

«Les Cherokées n'ont jamais prétendu à la possession du pays situé au
midi du grand Kenhawa. À présent, ce pays appartient à la couronne,
puisque sir William Johnson l'a fort chèrement acheté des six Nations,
et en a reçu l'acte de cession au fort Stanwix.»

En 1769, la chambre des citoyens de la colonie de Virginie, représenta à
lord Bottetourt:--«Qu'elle avoit la plus grande raison de craindre que
si la ligne tracée pour servir de limites, étoit conservée, les Indiens
et les autres ennemis de sa majesté, auroient sans cesse une entrée
libre et facile jusque dans le coeur du pays de l'Ohio, de la rivière
d'Holston et du grand Kenhawa; qu'alors

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Text Comparison with Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 2 of 2] With his Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

Page 16
Again, _It is foolish to lay out money in a purchase of repentance_; and yet this folly is practised every day at auctions, for want of minding the Almanac.
Page 22
The whole is taken from _Xenophon's Memorable Things of Socrates, Book Third_.
Page 26
Many hundreds of fishes have, in all their varieties, been robbed of life for my repast, and of the smaller fry as many thousands.
Page 28
Though crows and ravens do the same, Unlucky birds of hateful name, Ravens or crows might fill their places, And swallow corn and eat carcases, Then, if their tombstone, when they die, Be n't taught to flatter and to lie.
Page 33
Sleep, when it follows, will be natural and undisturbed; while indolence, with full feeding, occasions nightmares and horrors inexpressible; we fall from precipices, are assaulted by wild beasts, murderers, and demons, and experience every variety of distress.
Page 36
A very large bed, that will admit a removal so distant from the first situation as to be cool and sweet, may in a degree answer the same end.
Page 54
_ Neither will any of you, whom I leave behind, have equal satisfaction in life, in the dark declining age which I see is already begun.
Page 71
How so? Why, truly, the cloth is exported: and that keeps up the price.
Page 85
, "ART.
Page 98
We can only add, that if the young lady and her friends are willing, we give our consent heartily and our blessing.
Page 113
Grenville's asking, 'Will the gentleman engage that I shall be safe there? Can I be assured that I shall be allowed to come back again to make the report?' As soon as the laugh was so far subsided as that Mr.
Page 132
For a thousand leagues have nearly the same effect with a thousand years.
Page 167
When will princes learn arithmetic enough to calculate, if they want pieces of one another's territory, how much cheaper it would be to buy them than to make war for them, even though they were to give a hundred years' purchase; but if glory cannot be valued, and, therefore, the wars for it cannot be subject to arithmetical calculation, so as to show their advantages or disadvantages, at least wars for trade, which have gain for their object, may be proper subjects for such computation; and a trading nation, as well as a single trader, ought to calculate the probabilities of profit and loss before engaging in any considerable adventure.
Page 169
Franklin, to New-York, to obtain a final settlement of those accounts, he having long acted as my secretary, and, being well acquainted with the transactions, was able to give an explanation of the articles that might seem to require explaining, if any such there were.
Page 176
"Your letter found me under a severe fit of my malady, which prevented my answering it sooner, or attending, indeed, to any kind of business.
Page 199
, it may be agreeable to the curious to be informed that the same experiment has succeeded in Philadelphia, though made in a different and more easy manner, which is as follows: Make a small cross of two light strips of cedar, the arms so long as to reach to the four corners of a large thin silk handkerchief when extended; tie the corners of the handkerchief to the extremities of the cross, so you have the body of a kite, which, being properly accommodated with a tail, loop, and string, will rise in the air like those made of paper; but this, being of silk, is fitter to bear the wet and wind of a thunder-gust without tearing.
Page 208
But air flowing on and near the surface of land or water, from all sides towards a centre, must at that centre ascend, the land or water hindering its descent.
Page 228
But can one imagine, that if all the water of those vast rivers went to the sea, it would not first have pushed the salt water out of.
Page 241
FRANKLIN.
Page 242
If this be the case, it might prove a commodious method of transporting from distant countries those delicate plants which are unable to sustain the inclemency of the weather at sea, and which require particular care and attention.