Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 82

du
roi, ni assez éloignés des côtes de la mer, pour être--«Hors de la
portée du commerce du royaume, et pour que son autorité et sa
juridiction ne pussent pas s'y exercer.»

Le rapport que nous examinons, donne à entendre que les deux principaux
objets de la proclamation de 1763, étoient de ne pas porter les
établissemens qu'on feroit à l'avenir, au-delà des sources des rivières
qui coulent de l'ouest et du nord-ouest et se jettent dans la mer, ou,
en d'autres termes, à l'est des montagnes d'Allegany; et de ne point
créer d'autres gouvernemens que les trois qu'on venoit de former en
Canada et dans les deux Florides[52].--Pour établir ce fait, les lords
commissaires du commerce et des colonies, citent une partie de la
proclamation.

Mais si l'on considère cette proclamation dans son entier, on trouvera
qu'elle a pour but neuf objets principaux, savoir;

1º. De déclarer aux sujets de sa majesté, qu'elle a établi en Amérique
quatre gouvernemens distincts: celui de Quebec, celui de la Floride
orientale, celui de la Floride occidentale et celui de la Grenade.

2º. De fixer les limites respectives de ces quatre nouveaux
gouvernemens.

3º. De donner l'approbation royale à la conduite et à la bravoure des
officiers et des soldats de l'armée du roi, et au petit nombre
d'officiers de la marine, qui ont servi dans l'Amérique septentrionale,
et de les récompenser par des concessions gratuites de terres à Quebec
et dans les deux Florides.

4º. D'empêcher les gouverneurs de Quebec et des deux Florides d'accorder
des permissions d'arpenter, ou des patentes pour des terres au-delà des
limites de leurs gouvernemens respectifs.

5º. De défendre aux gouverneurs des autres colonies ou plantations en
Amérique, d'accorder des concessions de terres, au-delà des sources
des rivières qui coulent de l'ouest et du nord-ouest, et tombent dans
l'océan Atlantique, ou d'autres terres qui, n'ayant été cédées au roi
ni achetées par lui, sont réservées aux Indiens.

6º. De réserver _pour le présent_, sous la protection et la souveraineté
du roi, _pour l'usage desdits Indiens_, toutes les terres qui ne sont
point comprises dans les limites des trois nouveaux gouvernemens, ou
dans celle de la compagnie de la baie d'Hudson; ainsi que le pays situé
à l'ouest des sources des rivières, qui coulent de l'ouest et du
nord-ouest vers la mer; sa majesté défendant à ses sujets de faire des
acquisitions sur lesdites terres, et d'en prendre possession, sans en
avoir obtenu d'elle une permission expresse.

7º. De requérir toutes personnes qui ont fait des établissemens, sur les
terrains que le roi n'a point achetés des Indiens, d'abandonner ces
établissemens.

8º. De régler qu'à l'avenir on n'occupera des terres des Indiens

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