Vie de Benjamin Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome II suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 83

que
dans les contrées où sa majesté permet, par cette proclamation de faire
des établissemens.

9º. De déclarer qu'il sera libre à tous les sujets de sa majesté, de
faire le commerce avec les Indiens; et de prescrire la manière dont ce
commerce doit être fait.

10º. Enfin, d'ordonner à tous les officiers militaires et à tous les
inspecteurs des affaires concernant les Indiens, de faire saisir et
arrêter toutes les personnes qui, accusées d'avoir commis quelque
trahison ou quelque meurtre, et fuyant la justice, se seront réfugiées
sur les terres des Indiens; et d'envoyer ces personnes dans la colonie
où leur accusation aura eu lieu.

Il est certain qu'en parlant de l'établissement des trois nouveaux
gouvernemens, fixant leurs limites respectives, récompensant les
officiers et les soldats, réglant le commerce avec les Indiens, et
ordonnant l'arrestation des criminels, cette proclamation avoit pour but
de convaincre les Indiens, de la justice de sa majesté, et de la
résolution où elle étoit, de prévenir toute cause raisonnable de
mécontentement de leur part, en défendant de former des établissemens
sur le territoire qui n'avoit point été cédé à sa majesté, ou acheté par
elle; et en déclarant que sa royale volonté et son bon plaisir étoit,
ainsi que nous l'avons déjà rapporté, «De réserver, _pour le présent_,
sous sa protection et souveraineté, et _pour l'usage des Indiens_,
toutes les terres situées à l'ouest des sources des rivières qui coulent
de l'ouest et du nord-ouest vers l'océan Atlantique.»

Quels mots peuvent exprimer plus décidément l'intention royale? Ne
signifient-ils pas explicitement que le territoire est _quelque temps_
réservé, sous la protection de sa majesté, _pour l'usage des
Indiens_?--Mais comme les Indiens ne fesoient point usage de ces terres,
qui sont bornées à l'occident par la rive sud-est de l'Ohio, et qu'ils
n'y résidoient pas, et n'y fesoient pas la chasse, ils consentirent
volontiers à les vendre; et en conséquence, ils les vendirent au roi, en
novembre 1768. Ce qui donna occasion à cette vente sera clairement
expliqué dans nos observations sur la suite du rapport des lords
commissaires du commerce et des colonies.

Il est naturel de croire que quant à l'établissement des terres
comprises dans la vente dont nous venons de parler, l'effet de la
proclamation n'a pas pu s'étendre au-delà de l'époque de cette vente; M.
George Greenville[53], qui lorsque la proclamation parut, étoit l'un des
ministres, reconnut toujours que le but de cette proclamation étoit
rempli dès que le pays qu'elle désignoit avoit été acquis des Indiens.

Dans leur quatrième paragraphe, les lords commissaires du commerce et
des plantations, donnent deux raisons pour engager sa majesté à traiter
de nouveau avec les Indiens et à

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Text Comparison with Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 35
Walking down again toward the river, and, looking in the faces of people, I met a young Quaker man, whose countenance I lik'd, and, accosting him, requested he would tell me where a stranger could get lodging.
Page 38
[30] I went, however, with the governor and Colonel French to a tavern, at the corner of Third-street, and over the Madeira he propos'd my setting up my business, laid before me the probabilities of success, and both he and Colonel French assur'd me I should have their interest and influence in procuring the public business of both governments.
Page 39
[32] A peep-show in a box.
Page 41
So, tho' we had escap'd a sunken rock, which we scrap'd upon in the passage, I thought this escape of rather more importance to me.
Page 54
III, Epist.
Page 62
London, where, having no friend to advise him, he fell into bad company, soon spent his guineas, found no means of being introduc'd among the players, grew necessitous, pawn'd his cloaths, and wanted bread.
Page 65
These friends were afterwards of great use to me, as I occasionally was to some of them.
Page 69
I mention this industry the more particularly and the more freely, tho' it seems to be talking in my own praise, that those of my posterity, who shall read it, may know the use of that virtue, when they see its effects in my favour throughout this relation.
Page 72
I was bred a farmer, and it was a folly in me to come to town, and put myself, at thirty years of age, an apprentice to learn a new trade.
Page 74
I drest plainly; I was seen at no places of idle diversion.
Page 75
Harry had failed one after the other, and I should probably soon follow them; and, therefore, I was forbidden the house, and the daughter shut up.
Page 77
It is become a great thing itself, and continually increasing.
Page 86
Another from the Proverbs of Solomon, speaking of wisdom or virtue: "Length of days is in her right hand, and in her left hand riches and honour.
Page 93
, and I adopted, instead of them, _I conceive, I apprehend_, or _I imagine_ a thing to be so or so; or it _so appears to me at present_.
Page 103
no concern, without doing them manifest injustice.
Page 105
Finding this took up too much of the time I had to spare for study, I at length refus'd to play any more, unless on this condition, that the victor in every game should have a right to impose a task, either in parts of the grammar to be got by heart, or in translations, etc.
Page 110
The utility of this institution soon appeared, and many more desiring to be admitted than we thought convenient for one company, they were advised to form another, which was accordingly done; and this went on, one new company being formed after another, till they became so numerous as to include most of the inhabitants who were men of property; and now, at the time of my writing this, tho' upward of fifty years since its establishment, that which I first formed, called the Union Fire Company, still subsists and flourishes, tho' the first members are all deceas'd but myself and one, who is older by a year than I am.
Page 121
I told him this had always been the case with new sects, and that, to put a stop to such abuse, I imagin'd it might be well to publish the articles of their belief, and the rules of their discipline.
Page 140
That the pay commence from the time of their joining the forces at Will's Creek, which must be on or before the 20th of May ensuing, and that a reasonable allowance be paid over and above for the time necessary for their travelling to Will's Creek and home again after their discharge.
Page 184
Fine and coarse Hats.