Vie de Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome I Suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 130

faut pas que vous vous
serviez d'expressions orgueilleuses et insultantes, ni que vous montriez
trop de satisfaction. Il faut, au contraire, que vous cherchiez à
consoler votre adversaire, par des expressions polies, qui ne blessent
point la vérité. Vous pouvez lui dire, par exemple:--«Vous savez le jeu
mieux que moi; mais vous manquez un peu d'attention».--Ou:--«Vous jouez
trop vîte».--Ou bien:--«Vous aviez d'abord l'avantage: mais quelque
chose vous a distrait, et c'est ce qui m'a fait gagner».

7º. Lorsqu'on regarde jouer quelqu'un, il faut avoir grand soin de ne
pas parler; car en donnant un avis, on peut offenser les deux joueurs
à-la-fois. D'abord, celui contre qui il est donné, parce qu'il peut lui
faire perdre la partie; ensuite celui à qui on le donne, parce qu'encore
qu'il croie le coup bon et qu'il le joue, il n'a point autant de plaisir
que si on le laissoit penser jusqu'à ce qu'il l'eût apperçu lui-même. Il
faut aussi, quand une pièce est jouée, ne pas la remettre à sa place,
pour montrer qu'on auroit mieux fait de jouer différemment; car cela
peut déplaire, et occasionner de l'incertitude et des disputes sur la
véritable position des pièces. Toute espèce de propos adressé aux
joueurs, diminue leur attention, et conséquemment est désagréable. On
doit même s'abstenir de faire le moindre signe ou le moindre mouvement
qui ait rapport à leur jeu. Celui qui se permet de pareilles choses, est
indigne d'être spectateur d'une partie d'échecs. S'il veut montrer son
habileté à ce jeu, il doit jouer lui-même, quand il en trouve
l'occasion, et non pas s'aviser de critiquer, ou même de conseiller les
autres.

Enfin, si vous ne voulez pas que votre partie soit rigoureusement jouée,
suivant les règles dont je viens de faire mention, vous devez moins
désirer de remporter la victoire sur votre adversaire, et vous contenter
d'en remporter une sur vous-même. Ne saisissez pas avidement tous les
avantages que vous offre son incapacité, ou son inattention: mais
avertissez-le poliment du danger qu'il court en jouant une pièce, ou en
la laissant sans défense; ou bien dites-lui qu'en en remuant une autre,
il peut s'exposer à être mal. Par une honnêteté si opposée à tout ce
qu'on a vu interdit plus haut, vous pouvez peut-être perdre votre
partie, mais vous gagnerez, ce qui vaut beaucoup mieux, l'estime de
votre adversaire, son respect, et l'approbation tacite et la
bienveillance de tous les spectateurs impartiaux.




L'ART

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 28
From a copy in the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
Page 40
My father, tho' he did not approve Sir William's proposition, was yet pleas'd that I had been able to obtain so advantageous a character from a person of such note where I had resided, and that I had been so industrious and careful as to equip myself so handsomely in so short a time; therefore, seeing no prospect of an accommodation between my brother and me, he gave his consent to my returning again to Philadelphia, advis'd me to behave respectfully to the people there, endeavour to obtain the general esteem, and avoid lampooning and libeling, to which he thought I had too much inclination; telling me, that by steady industry and a prudent parsimony I might save enough by the time I was one-and-twenty to set me up; and that, if I came near the matter, he would help me out with the rest.
Page 41
I had shown an obliging readiness to do her some little services, which impress'd her I suppose with a degree of good will toward me; therefore, when she saw a daily growing familiarity between me and the two young women, which they appear'd to encourage, she took me aside, and said, "Young man, I am concern'd for thee, as thou hast no friend with thee, and seems not to know much of the world, or of the snares youth is expos'd to; depend upon it, those are very bad women; I can see it in all their actions; and if thee art not upon thy guard, they will draw thee into some danger; they are strangers to thee, and I advise thee, in a friendly concern for thy welfare, to have no acquaintance with them.
Page 44
"Then," says he, "when there, you may make acquaintances, and establish correspondences in the bookselling and stationery way.
Page 46
Osborne dissuaded him, assur'd him he had no genius for poetry, and advis'd him to think of nothing beyond the business he was bred to; that, in the mercantile way, tho' he had no stock, he might, by his diligence and punctuality, recommend himself to employment as a factor, and in time acquire wherewith to trade on his own account.
Page 50
He had half ruin'd Miss Read's father by persuading him to be bound for him.
Page 52
He had an immense collection of second-hand books.
Page 89
I was surpris'd to find myself so much fuller of faults than I had imagined; but I had the satisfaction of seeing them diminish.
Page 92
--_Marg.
Page 94
In reality, there is, perhaps, no one of our natural passions so hard to subdue as _pride_.
Page 104
[77] Dr.
Page 105
Finding this took up too much of the time I had to spare for study, I at length refus'd to play any more, unless on this condition, that the victor in every game should have a right to impose a task, either in parts of the grammar to be got by heart, or in translations, etc.
Page 114
My business was now continually augmenting, and my circumstances growing daily easier, my newspaper having become very profitable, as being for a time almost the only one in this and the neighbouring provinces.
Page 131
Fothergill, who was among the best men I have known, and a great promoter of useful projects.
Page 143
They were very thankfully receiv'd, and the kindness acknowledg'd by letters to me from the colonels of both regiments, in the most grateful terms.
Page 157
"--McMaster.
Page 165
Franklin, I find _a low seat_ the easiest.
Page 168
[117] "Here terminates the _Autobiography_, as published by Wm.
Page 178
THE END BIBLIOGRAPHY The last and most complete edition of Franklin's works is that by the late Professor Albert H.
Page 182
_ _As to the_ Religious Courtship, _Part of which has been retal'd to the Publick in these Papers, the Reader may be inform'd, that the whole Book will probably in a little Time be printed and bound up by it-self; and those who approve of it, will doubtless be better pleas'd to have it entire, than in this broken interrupted Manner.