Vie de Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome I Suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 134

troublée, et toutes sortes
d'idées désagréables en deviennent, dans le sommeil, la conséquence
naturelle. Je vais indiquer la manière certaine d'y remédier.

1º. En mangeant modérément, non-seulement on conserve sa santé, ainsi
que je l'ai dit plus haut, mais on transpire moins dans un temps donné.
Alors les draps du lit sont plus lentement saturés avec la matière
transpirable; et on peut, par conséquent, dormir plus long-temps, avant
de sentir l'inquiétude qu'on éprouve lorsqu'ils ne peuvent en recevoir
davantage.

2º. En ayant des draps légers et une couverture claire, la matière
transpirable s'échappe plus aisément; l'on en est moins incommodé et on
la supporte plus long-temps.

3º. Quand on est réveillé par l'inquiétude déjà décrite, et qu'on ne
peut pas se rendormir, il faut se lever, tourner et battre l'oreiller,
secouer les draps, au moins vingt fois de suite; ouvrir les rideaux et
laisser rafraîchir le lit. Pendant ce temps-là, on doit rester sans
s'habiller, se promener dans sa chambre, jusqu'à ce que les pores se
soient délivrés du poids qui les accable, ce qui s'opère plutôt lorsque
l'air est plus sec et plus froid.

Quand on commence à sentir l'air froid incommode, on peut rentrer dans
le lit. On s'endormira bientôt, et le sommeil sera doux et tranquille.
Tous les tableaux qui se présenteront à l'imagination, seront agréables.
J'ai souvent de ces songes, qui ne sont pas moins amusans pour moi que
les scènes d'un opéra.

S'il vous arrive d'avoir trop de paresse pour sortir du lit, vous pouvez
soulever vos draps avec la main et le pied, pour y introduire une assez
grande quantité d'air frais, et ensuite les laisser retomber, pour
forcer cet air à en sortir. En répétant cela vingt fois de suite, vous
délivrerez votre lit de la matière transpirable dont il sera imprégné;
et vous pourrez vous rendormir pour quelque temps. Mais cette méthode
est loin de valoir la première.

Si ceux qui craignent la fatigue et peuvent avoir deux lits, se
réveillent dans un lit chaud, ils auront grand plaisir à le quitter pour
passer dans celui qui est frais. Ce changement de lit est aussi
très-utile aux personnes attaquées de la fièvre, parce qu'il les
rafraîchit et leur procure souvent du sommeil. Un lit assez grand, pour
qu'on puisse passer d'une place chaude dans une place fraîche, a, en
quelque sorte, le même avantage que deux lits différens.

Un ou deux avis de plus termineront ce petit traité. Quand on se couche,
on doit avoir soin d'arranger son oreiller conformément à l'habitude
qu'on a de placer sa tête, afin d'être parfaitement à son aise. On doit
aussi étendre ses membres, de manière qu'ils

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Text Comparison with Franklin's Autobiography (Eclectic English Classics)

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of the virtues, as in the before-mentioned model; that the existence of such a society should be kept a secret till it was become considerable, to prevent solicitations for the admission of improper persons, but that the members should each of them search among his acquaintance for ingenuous, well-disposed youths, to whom, with prudent caution, the scheme should be gradually communicated; that the members should engage to afford their advice, assistance, and support to each other in promoting one another's interests, business, and advancement in life; that, for distinction, we should be called "The Society of the Free and Easy:" free, as being, by the general practice and habit of the virtues, free from the dominion of vice; and particularly, by the practice of industry and frugality, free from debt, which exposes a man to confinement and a species of slavery to his creditors.
Page 131
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"Some time since there fell into my hands, to my great joy, about twenty-three sheets in thy own handwriting, containing an account of the parentage and life of thyself, directed to thy son, ending in the year 1730; with which there were notes, likewise in thy writing; a copy of which I inclose, in hopes it may be a means, if thou continued it up to a later period, that the first and latter part may be put together; and if it is not yet continued, I hope thee will not delay it.
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As you read Franklin's account of his self-education, ask yourself what quality it is in the student that gives best assurance of final success in securing a real education.
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principles.