Vie de Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome I Suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 68

chargea Keimer de la diriger: mais ce
dernier mourut peu d'années après.

Il ne me restoit, à Philadelphie, d'autre concurrent que Bradford, qui,
étant riche, n'entreprenoit d'imprimer des livres que de temps en temps
et lorsqu'il rencontroit des ouvriers. Il ne se soucioit nullement
d'étendre son commerce. Cependant, il avoit un avantage sur moi: il
tenoit le bureau de la poste; et on s'imaginoit d'après cela, qu'il
étoit mieux à même de se procurer des nouvelles. Sa gazette passoit pour
être plus propre que la mienne, à avertir les acheteurs, et en
conséquence, on y inséroit plus d'annonces. Cette source, d'un grand
profit pour lui, étoit véritablement à mon détriment. En vain je me
procurois les autres papiers-nouvelles, et j'envoyois le mien par la
poste; le public étoit persuadé de mon insuffisance à cet égard; et je
ne pouvois, en effet, y remédier qu'en gagnant les courriers, qui
étoient obligés de me servir à la dérobée, parce que Bradford avoit la
malhonnêteté de le leur défendre. Cette conduite excita mon
ressentiment; j'en eus même tant d'horreur que, lorsqu'ensuite je
succédai à Bradford, dans la place de directeur de la poste, je me
gardai bien d'imiter son exemple.

J'avois jusqu'alors continué à manger avec Godfrey, qui occupoit, avec
sa femme et ses enfans, une partie de ma maison. Il tenoit, en outre, la
moitié de la boutique, pour son métier de vitrier: mais il travailloit
peu, parce qu'il étoit continuellement absorbé dans les mathématiques.

Mistriss Godfrey forma le projet de me marier avec la fille d'un de ses
parens. Elle ménagea diverses occasions de nous faire trouver ensemble;
et elle vit bientôt que j'étois épris, ce qui ne fut point difficile, la
jeune personne étant douée de beaucoup de mérite.

Les parens favorisèrent mon inclination, en m'invitant continuellement à
souper, et me laissant seul avec leur fille, jusqu'à ce qu'il fût,
enfin, temps d'en venir à une explication.

Mistriss Godfrey se chargea de négocier notre petit traité. Je lui fis
entendre que je m'attendois à recevoir, avec la jeune personne, une dot,
qui me mît au moins en état d'acquitter le restant de la dette
contractée pour mon imprimerie. Ce restant ne s'élevoit plus, je crois,
qu'à cent livres sterlings. Elle m'apporta pour réponse, que les parens
n'avoient pas une pareille somme à leur disposition. J'observai qu'ils
pouvoient aisément se la procurer en donnant une hypothèque sur leur
maison. Au bout de quelques jours, ils me firent dire qu'ils
n'approuvoient pas le mariage; qu'ayant consulté Bradford, ils avoient
appris que le métier d'imprimeur n'étoit pas lucratif; que mes
caractères seroient bientôt usés, et qu'il faudroit en acheter de neufs;
que Keimer et

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Text Comparison with Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

Page 10
This has been a great convenience to me in travelling, where my companions have been sometimes very unhappy for want of a suitable gratification of their more delicate, because better instructed, tastes and appetites.
Page 11
---- 1667, ---- 1752, ---- 85.
Page 16
In fact,.
Page 22
Understanding I was a printer, she would have had me remain in that town and follow my business, being ignorant what stock was necessary to begin with.
Page 51
They all continued their regard for me as long as they lived.
Page 69
"The two works I allude to, sir, will, in particular, give a noble rule and example of _self-education_.
Page 74
When they think well of individuals in your native country, they will go nearer to thinking well of your country; and when your countrymen see themselves thought well of by Englishmen, they will go nearer to thinking well of England.
Page 94
I had begun in 1733 to study languages; I soon made myself so much master of the French as to be able to read the books in that language with ease.
Page 108
The office of justice of the peace I tried a little, by attending a few courts and sitting on the bench to hear causes; but finding that more knowledge of the common law than I possessed was necessary to act in that station with credit, I gradually withdrew from it, excusing myself by my being obliged to attend the higher duties of a legislator in the Assembly.
Page 114
An accidental occurrence had instructed me how much sweeping might be done in a little time; I found at my door in Craven-street one morning a poor woman sweeping my pavement with a birch broom; she appeared very pale and feeble, as just come out of a fit of sickness.
Page 115
William Hu---- to succeed him, by a commission from the postmaster-general in England.
Page 127
They accordingly were at the expense and trouble of going to Trenton, and there he refused to perform his promise, to their great loss and disappointment.
Page 142
The other two packets he still detained, carried them with him to Halifax, where he stayed some time to exercise his men in sham attacks upon sham forts; then altered his mind as to besieging Louisburg, and returned to New-York with all his troops, together with the two packets above mentioned, and all their passengers! During his absence the French and savages had taken Fort George, on the frontier of that province, and the Indians had massacred many of the garrison after capitulation.
Page 159
The proprietaries were dissatisfied with the concessions made in favour of the people, and made great struggles to recover the privilege of exempting their estates from taxation, which they had been induced to give up.
Page 171
Nations ought only to mourn for their benefactors; the representatives of free men ought never to recommend any other than the heroes of humanity to their homage.
Page 172
We may probably become acquainted with habits which it may be prudent to adopt, and discover virtues which we cannot fail to applaud.
Page 178
willing to become their sureties in a bond, with the applicants, for the repayment of the money so lent, with interest, according to the terms hereinafter prescribed; all which bonds are to be taken for Spanish milled dollars, or the value thereof in current gold coin: and the managers shall keep a bound book or books, wherein shall be entered the names of those who shall apply for and receive the benefit of this institution, and of their sureties, together with the sums lent, the dates, and other necessary and proper records respecting the business and concerns of this institution: and as these loans are intended to assist young married artificers in setting up their business, they are to be proportioned by the discretion of the managers, so as not to exceed sixty pounds sterling to one person, nor to be less than fifteen pounds.
Page 181
" The following epitaph was written by Dr.
Page 214
Oh Pennsylvania! Once renowned for kindness to strangers, shall the clamours of a few mean niggards about the expense of this public hospitality, an expense that will not cost the noisy wretches sixpence a piece (and what is the expense of the poor maintenance we afford them, compared to the expense they might occasion if in arms against us?), shall so senseless a clamour, I say, force you to turn out of your own doors these unhappy guests, who have offended their own countryfolks by their affection for you; who, confiding in your goodness, have put themselves under your protection? Those whom you have disarmed to satisfy groundless suspicions, will you leave them exposed to the armed madmen of your country? Unmanly men! who are not ashamed to come with weapons against the unarmed, to use the sword against women, and the bayonet against your children, and who have already given such bloody proofs of their inhumanity and cruelty.
Page 219
" Dr.